Forex For Beginners

Forex, short for foreign exchange, is a financial derivative. The specific underlying asset is currencies.

Sounds profound? To put it simple, foreign exchange is the act of changing one sort of currency into another sort of currency. Ahhh yes! Now you get it. Many of us have performed this while we are visiting other countries.

Till now, forex is by far the most significant market in the world.

Why Forex?

It never sleeps. It is a true 24-hour market from Sunday 5 PM ET to Friday 5 PM ET. forex trading begins in Sydney, and moves around the globe as the working day begins, first to Tokyo, London, and New York.

No one can corner the market. It is unique from other markets whereby big fish control everything. Being such a huge market and with countless participants, there definitely no single entity can control the market price for an extended period of time.
Low Barriers to Entry. Yes, you don’t need a ton of cash to start to trade forex.
High liquidity. With a click of a mouse you can instantaneously buy and sell. Since there will usually be a person in the market willing to take the other side of your trade and thus you are never stuck in a trade.
Lower Transaction Costs. The retail transaction cost (the bid/ask spread) is typically lower than 0.1% under normal market conditions. At larger dealers, the spread could be as low as 0.07%.
Leverage – Trading on Margin. In Forex trading, a small deposit can control a substantially larger total contract value. This can help you make full use of even the smallest moves in the market.

Well, there are still some terminologies to be familiar with before you get started.

Currency pair – The quotation and pricing structure of the currencies traded in the forex market: the value of a currency is determined by its comparison to another currency. The first currency of a currency pair is called the “base currency”, and the second currency is called the “quote currency”. The currency pair shows how much of the quote currency is needed to purchase one unit of the base currency.

Exchange Rate – The value of one currency expressed in terms of another. For example, if EUR/USD is 1.3200, 1 Euro is worth US$1.3200.

Cross Rate – The currency exchange rate between two currencies, both of which are not the official currencies of the country in which the exchange rate quote is given in. This phrase is also sometimes used to refer to currency quotes which do not involve the U.S. dollar, inspite of which country the quote is provided in.

Spread – The difference between the bid and the ask price. When you trade currencies, you watch the numbers in your currency pair. If the currency you own has a higher number than that of the currency you’re going to trade for, you will make a profit. If the reverse is the case, you will take a loss. Naturally, making a profit is in your best interests.

Pip – The smallest price change that a given exchange rate can make. For example, the smallest move the USD/CAD currency pair can make is $0.0001, or one basis point.

Leverage – Leverage is the ability to gear your account into a position exceeding your total account margin. For instance, if a trader has $1,000 of margin in his account and he opens a $100,000 position, he leverages his account by 100 times, or 100:1.
Margin – The deposit required to open or keep a position. With a $1,000 margin balance in your account and a 1% margin requirement to open a position, you can buy or sell a position worth up to a notional $100,000. This allows you to leverage by up to 100 times.
Why follow our trade?
We have over 20 years of expertise in forex trading. You could try to figure out forex trading on your own for sure, but how long does it take for you to master it? While you will find good forex classes out there, while some are the real deal, many others could possibly be fly-by-night operations. Instead of paying thousands without knowing you are learning the right skills, why not just join us and follow our trade?

Currency Names
You must have noticed, there will always be three letters in the symbols to represent all currencies. The first two letters
denote the name of the country and the last one stands for the name of that country’s currency.

Let’s take the USD for instance. The US stands for United States and the D stands for Dollar.

In forex trading, we quite often hear people mention the term of ‘major currency’. As the name reveals, it refers to the
currencies on which most of the traders focus. The most widely traded currencies are listed below:

Don’t get mixed up with major currencies and the major currency pairs. The Major Pairs are any currency pair with USD in
them, either as base currency or cross currency.For example, the EURUSD would be treated as a Major Pair.

Currency pairs without the USD in them are known as Cross Pairs. The EURJPY would be an example of a Cross Pair.

Also, it would be considered as a Euro Cross if there is no USD in a EUR pair. So the EURJPY pair would be an example of
Euro Cross. In the Euro Cross group, there are members like EURGBP, EURCHF, EURNZD, EURCAD and EURAUD.

Similarly, there are currency groups like JPY crosses, GBP crosses, AUD crosses, NZD crosses and the
CHF crosses.

The Long & Short of It

Aspiring traders will often be familiar with the concept of buying to initiate a trade. Afer all, since young, many of us have been taught the basic concept of ‘buying low and selling high’.In financial markets, jargon often plays a vital role. Jargon helps show familiarity and comfort with a particular subject
matter, and nowhere is this jargon more apparent than when discussing the ‘position,’ of a
trade.

The trade is said to be going ‘long’ when the trader is buying with the belief of closeing the trade at a higher price later on.

This may seem easy, the next may be a little more unconventional to beginners.

The idea of selling something you don’t actually own is really a confusing idea, but in their ever-evolving
pragmatism traders created a mannerism for doing so.

When the trader is going ‘short’, he/she is selling with the objective of buying back at a lower rate. The difference
between the initial selling price, and the price at whice the trade was closed, and less any fees, commissions,is the
trader’s profit.

It’s important to mind the interesting distinction between currencies and other markets. Because currencies are quoted
in a pair, each trade offers the traderlong and short exposure in varying currencies.

For instance, a trader going short EUR/JPY would be selling Euro and going long Japanese Yen. If, however, the
trader went long the currency pair – they would be buying Euro and selling Japanese Yen.

Trading Basics

Trading Forex is all around the principle concepts of buying and selling.

Let’s look into buying first.Imagine, something you bought went up in value. The reason why you sold it was simply because you can
gain profits, which is the difference between the money you paid in priginally and the money you received when you sold it off.

Well, it works exactly the same way here.

Let’s say you intend to buy EURUSD pair.If the AUD increases relative to USD, you’ll make a profit if you sell it.If the
AUDUSD was bought at 1.0605 and it increased to 1.0615 at the time that the trade was closed, there was a profit of 10pips.

If the pair moved down to 1.0600 at the time that the trade was closed, the loss would have been 5 pips.

This stands true for all currency pairs.You will make a profit as long as the price of the currency you are buying goes
up from the time you bought it.

Here is another example using the AUD.In this case we still wish to buy the AUD but let’s do this with the EURAUD pair.

In this scenario, we would sell the pair. We would be selling the EUR and buying the AUD at the same time.If the price of AUD increases relative to the EUR, we would be making a profit as we bought the AUD.

In this example if we sold the EURAUD pair at 1.2300 and the price moved down to 1.2250 when we closed the position, we would have made a profit of 50 pips. If the pair moved up and we closed the position at 1.2350, we would have lost 50 pips.

Remember that we are always buying or selling the currency on the left side of the pair,which is called the base
currency.If we are buying the base currency, we are selling the one on the right side, which is called the cross currency.
Likewise, if we are selling the base currency, we are buying the cross currency.

How can a trader make a profit by selling a currency pair? This is a bit trickier.It is basically selling something that you borrowed as opposed to selling something that you own.

In the case of currency trading, when taking a sell position you would borrow the currency in the pair that you were
selling from your broker (this all takes place seamlessly within the trading station when the trade is executed) and
if the price went down, you would then sell it back to the broker at the lower price. The difference between the price
at which you borrowed it (the higher price) and the price at which you sold it back to them (the lower price) would be
your profit.

For instance, let’s say you think that the USD will drop relative to the JPY. You would want to sell the USDJPY pair,
meaning, selling the USD while buying the JPY in the mean time.You would be borrowing the USD from your broker when the trade is executed.If the trade moved in your favor, the JPY would go up in value and the USD would go down. When the trade is closed, your profit from the JPY increasing in value would be used to pay back the broker for the borrowed USD at the current lower price. The remaining would be your profit on this trade.

For example, let’s say the trader shorted the USDJPY pair at 76.40. If the pair moved down and the trader
closed/exited the position at 75.80, the profit on the trade would be 60 pips.

However, on the other hand, if the USDJPY pair was shorted at 76.40 and instead of moving down but rahter moved up to 76.60 when the trade was closed, you would suffer a loss of 20 pips on this trade.

To sum up, this is how you can make a profit from selling something that you do not own.

Keep this in mind, if you buy a currency pair and it moves up, that trade would show a profit. If you sell a currency pair and it moves down, that trade would show a profit.

What is Leverage?

Leverage is a financial tool. It helps you to increase your market exposure. For instance, a trader buys 10,000 units of the USD/JPY, with $1,000 dollars of equity in his/her account.

The USD/JPY trade is equivalent to controlling $10,000. The reason being the trade is 10 times larger than the equity in the trader’s account, the account is therefore leveraged 10 times or 10:1.

So, if a trader buys 20,000 units of the USD/JPY, which is equivalent to $20,000, their account would have been leveraged 20:1.

Leverage allows a trader to control larger trade sizes. Traders will use this tool to magnify their returns.

On the other hand, the losses are also magnified when leverage is used. Therefore, it is crutial to use leverage with some control.

Right here, we believe that you will have a greater chance of long-term success with a conservative amount of leverage, or even no leverage is used.